2.5. Medication Classification.


Medication Classification Common Use Common Names Common Adverse Effects
Antibiotics

*Pay close attention to any client allergies.

 

Infections causes by bacteria. Not uses for viral infections.

Amoxicillin; Ampicillin;

Penicillin; Cefaclor (ceclor); Ceftin; Biaxin; Zithromax; Erythromycin; Doxycycline; Cipro; Levaquin; Keflex; Bactrim DS

Nausea; diarrhea; rash; yeast infections; fever; sun sensitivity
Anti-Asthma Agents Asthma;

respiratory

distress;

Bronchitis; COPD

Advair; Albuterol; Singulair;

Ipratropium; Combivent; Triamcinolone; Flunisolide

Nervous feeling; sweating; nausea; vomiting;
Antihistamines Allergic reactions (i.e hay fever) Tavist-D; Claritin; Singulair; Zyrtec; Allegra; Benadryl; Chlortrimeton Drowsiness; insomnia; weakness;
Antifungal Agents Fungal infections; Nystatin; Diflucan; Nizoral; Miconazole; Lotrimin; Tinactin Headache; nausea; diarrhea; vomiting
Anti-tuberculosis Prevent tuberculosis; INH; Rifampin; Pyridoxine (vitamin B-6) Headache; fatigue; dizziness; seizure;
Antiviral Agents Viral infections; Ziagen; Symmetrel; Zovirax; Mood disorders; nausea; diarrhea;
Analgesics Pain relief; Tylenol; Advil; Aspirin; Naprosyn; Lortab, Diclofenac; Tylenol with codeine; Percocet; Myoflex; Analgesic Cream; Capsaicin; Icy Hot Stomach upset; tinnitus; nausea;
Anticoagulant/Anti-

platelet

Blood thinning Warfarin (coumadin); Lovenox; Plavix; Asprin Dermatological, Bruising; Cramping; Nausea; Dizziness; Abnormal liver labs; Drug Interaction; Abnormal Bleeding; Allergy/hypersensitivity reactions
Gastrointestinal

1.Antacid

2.Anti-Ulcer

3.Anti-Diarrhea

4.Stool Softeners

5. Laxatives

1.Heartburn; Acid Reflux;

2. To treat ulcer condition.

3. To stop diarrhea.

4. To relieve constipation. 5. To relieve constipation

1.Tums; Mylanta; Maalox;

2.Tagamet; Pepcid; Zantac; Prevacid; Prilosec

3.Imodium;

Lomotil;

Pepto Bismol

4.Colace; Surfak

5.Magnesium Citrate; Senna; Fleets; Metamucil (bulk laxative)

1.Constipation; bloating;

2.Dizziness;

mild diarrhea;

3.Fatigue; dry

mouth; nausea;

4.Cramping;

dependency;

5.Cramping; dependency

Neuropathy Pain/discomfort due to neuralgias Tegetrol; Gabapentin (Neurontin) Dizziness; Drowsiness; Nausea; Vomiting; Personality Changes; Blood Disorders; Food/drug Interaction; Hypersensitivity Reactions
Opthalmic Irritation/infection; inflammation of the eye. Polysporin;

Neosporin; Liquifilm; Maxitrol; Acular; Tobrabex; Bacitracin; Polymyxin

Burning sensation; Itching; blurred vision;
Otic External Ear infections; wax removal Boric Acid; Debrox; Cortisporin Ear irritation; itching
Psychotherapeutic 1. Depression; 1. Wellbutrin; Paxil; 1. Weight gain;
Agents: 2. Psychosis; Zoloft; Celexa; insomnia; nervous
 

1. Antidepressants

 

behavior disorder; Lexapro feeling;
 

2. Antipsychotic

 

3. Mood 2. Abilify; Risperdal; 2. Tardive dyskensia;
3. Anti-mania Disorders Haldol; Seroquel, Zyprexa

3. Lithium; Eskalith;

sedation;

3. Tremors;

drowsiness; thirst;

Thyroid Hypothyroidism Levothyroxine (Synthroid, Levoxyl) Diarrhea; burning in the mouth; sore throat; headache; depression
Vitamin/Mineral Nutritional Multivitamin; Thirst; light head;
Deficiencies Vitamin A; Vitamin discolored urine
B/ Riboflavin;
Vitamin C/Ascorbic Faintness;

diarrhea

Acid; Vitamin D;
Vitamin E; Iron;
Zinc; Magnesium; Selenium; thiamine Black Stools;

stained teeth

Folic Acid; Calcium